Kamerun: Company, Colony or Country?

Kamerun was an African colony of the German Empire from 1884 to 1916 in the region of today's Republic of Cameroon. It also included northern parts of present-day Gabon and Congo, western parts of the Central African Republic, southwestern parts of Chad, and eastern parts of Nigeria. The local German administration and military forces in Kamerun were defeated in 1916 in World War I by British troops from the British Protectorate of Nigeria to the west, and French troops from French Equatorial Africa to the East. Following that defeat, Kamerun ceased to exist, transitioning initially to a British and French Condominium and subsequently to British and French Mandate Territories.

A little known fact about Germany's history with Kamerun is that although the German administration left Kamerun in 1916, German entrepreneurs, businesses, and companies who had been operating for decades in Kamerun either stayed back and/or returned by 1925. The German business community bought back the companies and plantations they'd previously built from the British and French, continuing their operations in French Cameroun and British Cameroons until the outbreak of World War II in 1939.

For as long ago as Kamerun ceased to exist, many present-day Cameroonians harken back to German colonial days, often referring to Kamerun as their original country. Considering that Kamerun's founding was predicated by economic interests spearheaded by individual German investors and companies, this docuseries details Kamerun's history, examining whether Kamerun was a company, a colony, or a country - or a combination thereof.

COMING January 2022

A

About Menda Films

Bringing to life untold stories of the people, history and places of Africa, using written accounts in forgotten or hard-to-find books. Our name is derived from Bamenda, a city whose name means people (Ba) of Menda :)

A

Sign up for our newsletter